TEXTILES AND HANDLOOMS
Departments Under Textiles And Handlooms Department are :
Development of Socio-Economic status of Rural poor through sericulture.
Sericulture is an important agro based cottage industries. It has a great potentiality to generate employment opportunities on a massive scale in rural section for financial up-liftment of the rural poor.
In India four kinds of silkworm rearing is going on. In Orissa only three kind of silkworm rearing is under practice. Out of them Tassar and Mulberry rearing is in practice in Keonjhar district.
It is traditional culture of tribal people of the Keonjhar District. The agro climatic condition and natural resources is suitable for Tassar Silkworm rearing. Tassar culture is confined to Anandapur, Banspal, Ghatagaon, Harichandanpur, Jhumpura, Keonjhar, Patana and Telkoi block of this District. The Tassar rearers are taking tassar rearing in Khesera forest near by their village. The main food plants of tassar silkworm are Sal, Asan and Arjun plants. Besides this two main food plants there are so many secondary food plants.
It is a good subsidiary occupation of the tribals of Keonjhar district who earn to the tune of Rs.10,000.00 to Rs. 20,000.00 per year. Department of Sericulture provide disease free tassar eggs, loan to rearers and marketing facilities for their cocoon.
Mulberry sericulture is introduced in Keonjhar district during 1980-81 by establishing a Government Mulberry Demonstration Farm at Bayakumutia of Banspal block. And basing on the agro climatic condition the scheme was extended to Banspal, Keonjhar, Telkoi, patna, Ghatagaon and Harichandanpur block of this district. However at present the mulberry sericulture is done in two approved Blocks by Govt. in large scale i.e. Ghatagaon and Patna and in a smaller scale in Harichandanpur, Telkoi, Keonjhar and Banspal Block. The farmers are assisted to take up mulberry plantation and rearing house under different schemes of DRDA and ITDA. They are provided technical assistance and extension facilities to take up mulberry sericulture in an enterprising way. During 1999-2000 some farmers of Keonjhar district have got an income to the tune of Rs.20,000.00 to Rs. 25,000.00 which can compare with good returns of other sericulturaly advanced states. The per acre production and income of Keonjhar 1999-2000 is much higher than state average. At present the higher income got by the rearers has created greater interest among them to take up mulberry sericulture.
There is a Mulberry Demonstration Farm (M.D.F.) at Bayakumutia of Banspal Block.
The programmes namely ;-
Three types of Tassar are reared in Keonjhar district i.e. Bivoltine, Trivoltine and Wild variety. The tassar seed material of B.V. and T.V. is prepared by Primary Society level and supplied to the rearers at a cost of Rs.1.00 for 1 dfls of T.V. and B.V.. Similarly seed cocoon of Wild variety namely Nalia and Modal is collected by primary society and distributed to the rearers. Some rearers themselves collect the cocoons and take up rearing. Technical guidance by technical staffs of Department is provided during rearing by rearers and marketing facility is extended to them . At some places reeling of tassar cocoons to yearn is also undertaken providing employment to some rural poors. The rearers are also provided loan assistance for purchase of silkworms eggs, seed cocoons and rearing assistance by the Primary tassar rearers coop. Societies.
Mulberry sericulture consists of three components i.e
In Keonjhar District the farmers take up mulberry cultivation in their own land and silkworm rearing at their rearing house. Assistance is provided for plantation and rearing infrastructure under different schemes of DRDA and ITDA. The unit cost of raising one acre of mulberry and rearing infrastructure is Rs.23,506.00 (NABARD APPROVED).
UNIT COST of 1 acre mulberry ( Rain fed )
By June'2000 he has got already got an income of Rs. 2,353.00. It has been programmed to rear a total 750 dfls. and produce 350 kg. of cocoon with an targeted income of Rs.30,000.00 including mulberry cutting cost. He has been assisted with a million well during 1998-99 and a pump-set by Panchayati Raj Department . Textiles and Handloom Department has also assisted a chowki rearing house @ Rs.20,000.00 to Sri Dhanesware Naik so that he can prepare the chowki worms and distribute to the farmers of his village there by increasing his income. With increased income due to adoption of sericulture as his livelihood Sri Dhaneswar Naik is happy man now.
Work Sites/Projects that can be visited by interested Group/Press/Media
Dalangapani, Raikudar,Bholbeda,Gopapur village of Ghatagaon Block. Jamunapasi village of Patna Block,Mulbery demonstration fram at Bayakumutia of Banspal Block.
Dhenkikote, Telkoi, Banspal, Benamunda, Harichandanpur, Bhagamunda,Tassar Rearers Cooperative Society.
Process of interaction with beneficiaries/public
Internal Grievance redressal system of the Department
Assistant Director of Sericulture at district level and sericulture Extension Officers at Block level and Secretary Tassar Rearers Cooperative Society level.
During 2000-2001 there is a target of production of 8,000 kg. of mulberry cocoons . By 2005-2006 a total quantity of production of 50,000 kg. is targeted to be produced by addition acreage of another 400 acres of mulberry to the existing acreage of 100 acres.
For conversion of the produced cocoon a reeling factory is needed to be established by 2004-2005. A mulberry seed production Centre (Grainagea0 could be established to me the internal demand of the silkworm eggs of the district.
With depletion of forest coverage the food plants population is reduced year after year. To meet the demand of food plants additional 1000 hector of creation of new plantation of food plants may fulfill the gap of reduced plants population.
Seed infrastructure to be strengthened to meet the seed demand by construction of new seed station and preservation of seed cocoon.
The wild eco-race of tassar like Nalia and Modal to be conserved with prospective plan and programme.
Tassar reeling and spinning to be taken up with improved technology and machine tools of Central Tassar and Research and Training Institute of central Silk Board.
Tassar storage godowns to be established at different Tassar Rearers Co-operative Society level for safe storage of high valued tassar cocoon.
The cocoon crop to be covered under Insurance scheme.
Keonjhar district is traditional to tassar culture. Hence maintenance of status quo is essential by providing disease free eggs to rearers, latest technology for rearing and marketing facility by purchasing the produced cocoons by the tribal rearers. Similar of late mulberry sericulture is being accepted as source of living by poor tribal people of Keonjhar district. Adequate provision of assistance for plantation, rearing house, irrigation, construction of mulberry extension service centre, working capital, raising of mulberry nursery shall further increase the production and productivity thereby increasing the income level of farmers. It goes without saying that the support of DRDA, ITDA for execution of Sericulture programme in the district combined with the involvement and encouragement of the district administration has encouraged the sericulture staff for successful implementation of the programme at field level. This has opened a new avenue for tribals in Keonjhar district for silk production. With the successful implementation of Sericulture programme in the district, Keonjhar will certainly be converted to a SILK DISTRICT of the state in coming years.
Frequently Asked Questions
Question No-1 What is Sericulture?
Answer - Sericulture is a agro based cottage industry comprising mulberry and tassar in Keonjhar district.
Question No-2 What is Mulberry Sericulture?
Answer - Mulberry Sericulture comprises of two steps (a) Cultivation mulberry plant (b) Rearing of silk worm .
Question No-3 Which type of land can mulberry cultivate?
Answer - Sandy-loam or red-laterite soil is ideal for mulberry cultivation.
Question No-4 Where we get the silk worm of rearing?
Answer - Chowki silk worms supply to the farmer from mulberry rearers co-operative society of block level.
Question No-5 Who will give the technical assistance to the farmers?
Answer - Sericulture extension officer will supervise and give technical guidance to the farmers.
Question No-6 Where we sale our products ( cocoon ).
Answer - M.R.C.S ( Mulberry Rearers Co-operative Society ) will purchase the cocoons from the beneficiaries directly by giving immediate payment.
Question No-7 Where will we get the information?
Answer - In the block level from sericulture extension officer and district level Asst. Director of sericulture Keonjhar.