Departments Under Forest & Environment are :
Keonjhar Forest Division extends to the whole of Keonjhar District.
Forest Department being one of the Oldest Department in the administration, Forest administration can be dated back to 1892. In 1896, Maharaj of Kendujhar had introduced certain rules to regulate the disposal of forest product and staffs were entertained during 1898 for providing systematic management of forest. During 1906 a Dehra Dun trained Ranger was appointed and attempt was made to place the Department on an organised basis. After the princely state of Kendujhar came under the management of British Government, the First Agency Forest Officer Mr. A.N. Grieve was appointed during 1911 which marks the first milestone of forest Administration at District level.
Out of total geographical area of 8303 Sq. Km. forest area from 3366 Sq.Km. which can be categorised as below.
Total :- 3366.156293 Sq.Km2
Functioning of the Department
The broad functioning of this Division are as follows
Structure of the Department (District and downward)
To achieve the aforesaid objectives, Keonjhar (T) Forest Division is headed by one DFO., in the Cadre of IFS He is at present assisted by 3 ACFS. There are eight Ranges in the Division, Namely Sadar, Telkoi, BJP, Champua, Ghatagaon, Anandapur, Deogaon and Brahamanipal. There are 33 sections and 125 beats. Each RO is assisted by Foresters and and Forest Guards to run the Range Administration.
A Divisional Mobile party consisting of one forester and 6 Forest Guards and an APR unit consisting of 10 constables, 1 Havildar and 1 ASI are also functioning for protection of forest resources of this Department.
Besides, the above structure, Nicholson Forester School at Champua is manned by one ACF (designated as Chief Instructor) to be assisted by 2 FRs ( Instructor) to impart training to the foresters.
Important Phone Nos
Vana Samrakhyan Sammittees
In accordance with the Govt. Resolution (Forest & Environment Department) No.16700 dt.3.7.93, to ensure peoples participation in the cause of protection and management of degraded forest areas, so far 209 nos. of V.S.S. have been formed where 151,1116 Sq.Kms area have been assigned to the adjoining villagers for the above noble cause. In 144 cases Memorandum of understandings have been signed with the executive members giving a fruitful dimension to Government Policy. 10 nos.of micro plans have been prepared in the V.S.S. areas.
Hadagarh Wild life Sanctuary
Keonjhar division has the privilege to have a sanctuary named Hadagarh Wildlife Sanctuary notified U/S 18 of Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972. Vide 8F (W-168/ 78-34113/ FFAH dt. 6.12.78 over an area of 191.6 Sq.Kms. This consists of Baula Reserve Forest of Keonjhar District and Satkosia RF of Mayurbhanja District. The rich vegetal cover of these two Reserve Forests added with the water resource of Hadagarh reservoir provides a congenial habitat for the wild life for safe breeding and shelter.
Wild lifes found- Indian elephant, Leopard, Bear wild boar, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking deer, mouse deer , Wolf, Percupine, Otter, Pangoline , Langur, Flying squirrel, peafowl, Hornbill etc.
The visitors area permitted to enter the wild life sanctuary during October - June on fulfillment of the following conditions
The above fees shall be paid at the Sanctuary Gate at Hadagarh or to Range Office, Anandapur.
Accommodation for stay at Salandi Nilaya at Hadagarh can be available from Executive Engineer, Salandi Irrigation Dam, Anandapur.
Process of Interaction with beneficiaries/ Public
The following services are being provided to the public as per the procedure / forms delineated against each.
Issue of Transit Permits
Transit permit as per the provision of the Orissa Timber & Other Forest Produce Transit Rule 1980 are issued free of cost in favor of the applicants for transportation of timber and other forest produce. The applicant is required to file application before the D.F.O., Keonjhar in form II / III as the case may be (Annexure 1, Form II)(Annexure 2, Form III)
Issue of Sawmill license
Applications to obtain a license to establish a saw mill or saw pit or to operate a saw mill of saw pit in existence on the appointed day (3.12.1998) shall be made to the D.F.O., Keonjhar in form A & B as the case may be. (Annexure 3, Form A)(Annexure 4, Form B)
An un-refundable fee of Rs. 500/- or Rs. 100/- shall be paid for each application for grant of license for saw mill or saw pit respectively.
Registration of fire arms within 10 Kms. of Hadagarh sanctuary :
Under the provision of section 34 of the wild life protection act, 1972 every person residing in or within 10 Kms. of Hadagarh sanctuary and holding arm license under arms act 1959 shall apply in form 9 on payment of fees of Rs. 2/- in shape of bank receipt / Treasury challan to the D.F.O. and wild life warden Keonjhar. (Annexure 5, Form 9)
Issue of reservation in Forest Rest House (F.R.H.), Barbil
Application in plan paper to be addressed to the D.F.O., Keonjhar Division for getting reservation of accommodation of Barbil Forest Rest House (F.R.H.) where two numbers of suites are available.
Timber and firewood is being supplied to the public through the O.F.D.C. Ltd.(Orissa Forest Development Corporation Limited). The Divisional Manager, O.F.D.C., Keonjhar and Jajapur Road are to be contacted in this matter for supply of timber from the following Timber Depots.
O.F.D.C., Keonjhar Sikulabapal / Barbil/ Naranpur
O.F.D.C., Jajapur Road- Ghatagaon.
Firewood can be purchased from the following firewood depots of O.F.D.C. on payment of approved rate.
O.F.D.C., Keonjhar :
(1) Mining Road (2) College Road (3) Gadasahi (4) Town Hall (5) Turmunga (6)Karanjia (7) Champua (8) Naranpur (9) Childa (10) Sankarpur (11) Rajnagar (12) Padampur (13) Joda (14) Ukhunda (15) Jhumpura (16) Remuli (17) Barbil (18) Khireitangir .
O.F.D.C., JAJPUR ROAD:
(1) Ghatagaon (2) Anandapur (3) Ghasipura (4) Belbahali (5) Barapada (6) Jarda (7) Harichandanpur (8) Kanshabadi (9) Swampatana .
Elephant Drive Squad
To combat with the elephant menace in damaging agriculture crop and house site an elephant drive squad is always available in Divisional Forest Office. On getting information the squad reach problem pockets and with the help of fire cracker and Arms and spotlights drive the elephants to the forest areas.
Contact person in this matter D.F.O., Keonjhar (Territorial) Division / Assistant Conservator of Forests (A.C.F.), In-charge (Mobile Squad)
Forests in India are fast disappearing. At the time of independence more than 22% of India's geographical was covered by dense forests. Recent satellite survey shows that hardly 11% of the area now supports closed forests, i.e. forests with a 40% crown cover, even though the National Forest Policy and enunciated soon after independence in 1952 enjoined that at least 33% of the geographical of the country should be under forest cover.
The downhill trend can be reversed through massive afforestation. One of the major constituents of this programme is the social forestry movement.
Social forestry is forestry for the people and by the people. In social forestry the people are the direct and not the indirect beneficiaries as in the case of traditional forestry. Social Forestry cannot develop without full participation of the people.
Social forestry activities are often divided into two classes- Community Forestry and Farm forestry depending on whether the benefits of the activity are directed towards the community/part of the community or an individual.
Rural communities cannot wait for a long time period for reaping the benefits/ harvests from social forestry undertakings. Therefore, the species have to be fast growing, early maturing and with multipurpose yields such as small dimension timber and poles for fencing, fuel wood, leaves for fodder and organic fertilizer and flowers & fruits for food. The harvest should be extractable by in-house labour as a family enterprise.
In traditional forestry local people only serve as hired workers of government organisations or of corporate bodies, which plan, implement and manage the forests. In Social forestry, on the other hand, the villagers take the prime initiative of planning and managing their projects. Consequently, they bear all the costs, take all the risks, but also reap all the benefits for themselves.
To sum up, social forestry is a small-scale land-use operation ranging from pure forestry to integrated agro-forestry, planned and implemented by individual villagers or communities to yield products and service for their primary use and benefits. The land used for social forestry could be privately owned, community or clan owned, or government controlled; in the last case, the land has to be accessible to farmers.
The objectives of social forestry activities can be divided into three major classes summarised below:
Rural Development Objective:
Structure of the Department (District and Downward) :
The Department can be out lined as follows:
Brief description about different programmes:-
Role of nurseries in Social Forestry.
The establishment of good nurseries, which can supply quality seedlings of different species needed for social forestry, is the corner stone of successful plantation activity. Before the massive afforestation programmes were launched under social forestry,
the requirement of planting stock for raising departmental plantations within the reserved forests was met through permanent central nurseries maintained at some suitable sites. They were efficiently managed and were able to produce quality seedlings of a large number of species from year to, year. Departmental plantations in reserved forests can be tackled through such permanent nurseries as the plantation areas are concentrated in a few pockets and transport of seedlings to the planting sites pose no problems because of the existence of motor able roads.
In the context of social forestry plantations, which are dispersed over a large number of small, scattered, patches, central nurseries are not convenient. It is necessary to have a large network of small-decentralised nurseries close to the plantation sites to avoid long transportation distances, with attendant damage and mortality. The nurseries have to supply planting stock not only for plantations being raised under the Project by the social forestry organisation. But they have to meet the demands of the farmers under the farm forestry component. The larger their number and the greater their dispersal, the better the survival and success of the plantations. However, permanent central nurseries may be useful when it is necessary to raise planting stock requiring special care, or as back up nurseries and for training and research purposes.
Nurseries may be classified as Permanent, Semi-permanent and Temporary. Permanent nurseries have already been mentioned. Semi permanent nurseries are those that function for more than one or two, years. They are meant to supply planting stock for an on going planting activity in its neighborhood or because there is a continuing demand for plants from the nearby villages. They are also needed if seedlings of fruit bearing species, which generally need more than one year in the nursery, are to be grown. The temporary nursery is operated only for one year to supply plants for a plantation in its vicinity, after which is abandoned.
Nurseries are also categorised according to the agency that manages or runs it. Thus, there are kisan nurseries, school nurseries, NGO nurseries and private nurseries.
Why Decentralized Nurseries?
There are a number of reasons why decentralised nurseries are important in social forestry:
Training in Nursery Technique and Management
If people are to participate in a nursery operation, either as workers or as managers of their own nurseries, they need to be trained in all aspects of nursery work. Several categories of people would need to be trained, i.e. NGOs, schoolteachers and children individual villagers and other interested parties. If the right type of training is imparted, the nursery work will yield high quality planting stock the ensuring that the first crucial step in establishing a successful plantation is taken.
Aims of Training in Nursery-Technique
Trainees need to have:
Social Forestry Plantations
There are two main plantation activities in the Project:
- Establishment of community plantations
- Establishment of private plantations.
The Social Forestry Project Division, Keonjhar has established a large number of plantations at different villages of this Division since 1985. As per the A.P.D., the villagers will enjoy the usufruct rights of the plantation. Accordingly, the villagers have harvested the plantation and realised the funds by selling the harvested timbers to the other villagers/ peoples/ Firms.