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AGRICULTURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objective

          The department aims to improve production and productivity of various field crops by adoption of improve technology through Agriculture Extension Agency.

 

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Structure of the Department
      ( District & downwards)

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Program Implementation

Brief Description about different programmes :-

 

a)   Crop coverage and yield estimation :- Fixation of block wise and Agro-climate zone wise cropping programme, assessment of crop coverage (season wise) and yield estimation through crop cutting experiments.

b) Seed Replacement :- To maximize the utilization of certified and improved paddy and non-paddy seeds by replacing local varieties to increase production. The seeds as per requirement are made available for sale to the farmers through sale centres/Additional sale centre situated in block areas and through the dealers of Orissa State Seed Corporation Ltd. as per the rate fixed by the Government.

c) Consumption of Chemical fertilizer :- To make available of chemical fertilizers to farmers through cooperative and private network to motivate the farmers for use of recommended balance doses of fertilizers as per soil testing report and quality control of fertilizers.

d) Use of organic manure, green manuring and increase use of bio-fertilizers :- To educate the farmers on, improved method of compost making like green manuring for improving the organic content of the soil. To popularize the use of various type of bio-fertilizers by reducing the use of chemical fertilizers as a measure of Eco-friendly and low cost technology.

e) Sale of improved Agricultural Implements and farm machinery :- To motivate the farmers for enhancing the use of various improved Agriculture Implements and farm machineries as a measure of more effective and labour saving device, for which subsidy on purchase of the implements and machineries is made available to the farmers.

f) Utilization of irrigation potential :- To ensure full and effective use of existing irrigation potential by taking up double and multiple cropping and to create Additional Irrigation potential through installation of shallow tube wells. Bore tube wells and surface lift points.

g) Agricultural Credit :- To motivate the farmers for availing of Agriculture  Credit provided through Cooperative banks, Commercial and Gramya Banks by sponsoring crop loan application to various banks and to ensure proper utilization of inputs by the farmers for increasing production.

h) Production of Certified seeds through private growers :- To motivate the farmers for production of certified Paddy and Non-Paddy seeds in order to meet the demand of the farmers of the district.

i) Rastriya Krushi Bima Yojana (RKBY) :- To create awareness among the farmers especially those who have not availed any-loans, for deposit of insurance premium for getting the assured amount, in case the crop is lost due to natural calamities etc.

j) To provide financial Asst. through Centrally Sponsored Scheme :- Schemes like Integrated Cereal Development Programme Pulse Development Programme, Oil seed Production Programme, Intensive Cotton Development  Programme, Special Jute Development Programme and Accelerated Maize Development  Programme are in operation through which input assistance, training and subsidy on inputs are being provided to the farmers.

To motivate the farmers for Soil testing in order to apply required quantities of fertilizers to the crops basing on the soil testing results.

k) Agriculture  Extension :- The training and visit system is in operation in the district for which the extension personnel stationed at block level are being trained every fortnight for dissemination of technical know-how to the farmers. The resource persons are also being trained once a month at Regional research and technology Transfer station(O.U.A.T.), Keonjhar. The ‘TEWA’ scheme (Training and Extension for Women in Agriculture ) is in operation in the district for which the LVAWS are being posted in the field level for improving the technical knowledge of farm women.

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Officials to be Contacted by Interested Farmers

a) VA./A.O. at G.P. level

b)  JAO/AAO at Block level

c) DAO/Additional DAO at Agriculture  District /Sub-District level like Keonjhar, Anandapur, Champua and Ghatgaon.

d) D.D.A. at Revenue District Level.

          Application forms and application criteria etc can be obtained from the following authorities in case of need :-

  1. Seed License-Licensing authority D.A.O.
  2. Fertilizer license & Pesticides license- Licensing authority    D.A.O.
  3. Purchase of tractor-channeled through DAO & D.M.,OAIC.
  4. Sprinkler set- Channeled through DAO & D.M.,O.A.I.C.

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Future Prospective

a) Replacement of High yielding varieties of Paddy :- Paddy being the major cereal crop of the district during Kharif season, efforts will be made to replace maximum of the local Paddy area with high yielding varieties in order to increase the productivity of Paddy.

b) Diversification of cropping pattern :- 12500 Ha. Of marginal upland Paddy area has been diverted to more remunerative non-paddy crops and plantation crops. The area will be extended in subsequent years.

c) Mixed cropping :- Mixed cropping especially with G.Nut + Arhar, Arhar + Paddy, Arhar + Mung/ Biri has been popularized in uplands in order to save the crop from drought situation as well as getting two types of crop at a time from a single plot. The area under mixed cropping will be increased in subsequent years.

d) Introduction of new varieties :- New Paddy varieties like MTU-1001, BPT-5204 have been introduced having higher yield potential of 6-7 tones per Ha. During Rabi 1999-2000 the MTU-1001 variety has shown the highest yield of 7.2 tones per Ha. Attempt will be made to extend area under above varieties partially in medium and lower medium lands.

e) Increase use of Bio-fertilizer :- The use of various types of bio-fertilizers has been popularized amongst the farmers as the cost of bio-fertilizer is low and esuriently. Efforts will be made to maximize the utilization of bio-fertilizers.

f) Use of Micronutrients, Plant growth hormone and Bio-activators :- The production of vegetables, Paddy etc. has been increased substantially by use of micronutrients, plant growth hormone and Bio-activators. The use of above materials will be popularized in the district.

g) Production of certified seed by Pvt. Growers :- 75000 Quintals. Of certified Paddy seeds have been produced by the Pvt. Seed growers during the year 1999-2000. Programme has been made for production of Q.12,500.00 of certified paddy seeds during the year 2000-2001.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Question No-1 Which crops are more profitable for rainfed un bonded uplands in Kharif season ?

Answer - Arhar, Mung, Biri, Cowpea, Maiza, Groundndut, Ragi, Niger as as pure crop and mixed cropping like Arhar + Groundnut,Arhar + Mung/Biri.

Question No-2 What are the crop to be taken up under rainfed uplands ?

Answer - Jute in upland loamy soil and cotton in upland well drained heavy soils.

Question No-3 Which varieties of paddy are more suitable under rainfed uplands ?

Answer - Highyeilding varieties maturing within 110 days like Heera, Sneha, Pathara, Bandana, Kalinga III,Parijat, Arnapurna, Ghanteswari, Khandagiri, Nilagiri etc.to be direct sown in lines.

Question No-4 Which varieties of paddy are more suitable for rainfed medium land ?

Answer - High yielding paddy varieties maturing within 135 days like Lalat, MTU-1001, Sworna etc.

Question No-5 Which varieties of paddy are more suitable for rainfed low lands. ?

Answer - Highyeilding paddy varieties maturing within 150 days like  Moti, Kanchana, Gouri,    Padmini, Bhaja, Samanta, Meher etc.

Question No-6 How much plant population will be maintained in transplanted paddy ?

Answer - 70 hills/m2 for varieties maturing within 110 days. 50hills/m2 for varieties maturing within 135 days. 35 hills/m2 for varieties maturing within 155 days.

Question No-7 Which is the cheapest source of nitrogenous fertilizer ?

Answer - Urea fertilizer is the cheapest among all types.

Question No-8 In acid soils which type of phosphate fertilizer is helpful ?

Answer - Rock phosphate should be applied one month before sowing or 50% Rock phosphate + 50% single super phosphate.

Question No-9 At which time phosphate fertilizer will be applied ?

Answer - Only basal application at the time of final ploughing.

Question No-10 What are the type of Biofertilisers and for which crop these can be applied ?

Answer - Type of Biofertilisers :-

  • Azotobactor for all non-paddy crops.
  • Azospirillum for wet land paddy crop.
  • Rhizobium for pulses and Groundnur .
  • P.S.M. for all crops.
  • Patash soluslising micro-organisim for all crops.

Question No-11 Which crops can be taken before harvesting of medium land paddy ?

Answer - Before 15 days of harvesting of paddy,field pea,Gram,Biri,Linseal can be sown as paira crop.

Question No-12 Which crops can be sown in river belt areas during pre-Rabi season ?

Answer - Groundnut, Mustard, Mung, Biri can be sown as pre-Rabi crops in river belt areas.

Question No-13 Which are the profitable low duty irrigated crops in Rabi season. ?

Answer - Mustard, Sunflower, Pulses, Wheat etc.are low duty irrigated crops.

Question No-14 Where are the crops to be sown in available soil moisture condition ?

Answer - Mung, Biri, Lentile, Gram, Kuthi, Fieldpea, Mustard, Saf flower can be taken under available soilmoisture condition in Rabi season.

Question No-15 Which fertilizer is more essential for growing pulse crop ?

Answer - Phosphatic fertilizer is more essential in addition to Rhizobium culture for growing pulse crop.

Question No-16 How the acid solds can be reclaimed ?

Answer - Apply time/soil types. (One month before sowing)

Lime requirement/hc.
Sandy & loamy soils. 875 kgs.
Sandy loam 1500 kgs.
Loam. 2250 kgs.
Silt loam 3250 kgs.
Clay loam. 4375 kgs.
Liming should be done once in 2 to 3 years.

Question No-17 How can we get more filled pods in Groundnut crop ?

Answer - Apply gypsum @ 250 kg/hec.close to the bas of the plant at 20-25 days after sowing in addition to chemical fertiliser as basal.

Question No-18 How the soil health can be maintained ?

Answer - By application of organic manure and recycling of crops residues.

Question No-19 What is fertilizer dose of high yeilding paddy ?

Answer - 24:12:12 kgs of N.P.K/Ac for short duration.

             32:16:16 kgs of N.P.K/AC for medium and late duration high yielding paddy.

Question No-20 When nitrogen fertilizer will be top dress in wheat crop ?

Answer - 18 days after germination of wheat crop or 3 to 4 leaf stage.

Question No-21 How the pest infection will be managed without application of pesticides ?

Answer - Through I.P.M. approach such as cultural,mechanical and Biological methods.

Question No-22 Who will provide knowledge in I.P.M. ?

Answer - V.A.W. posted at G.P.level, J.A.O. posted at Block Level, Specialist posted at Sub-Division level in DAO’s Office, Additional DAO’s Office and D.D.A’s Office.

Question No-23 How the nitrogen fertilizer will be applied in paddy crop ?

Answer - 25% at the time of sowing/transplanting.

50% at the time of beausaning/Tilling.
25% at panicle initiation stage.

Question No-24 What are the critical growth stage for water requirement of different crops?

Answer- Rice-

1.Seedling stage.
2.Maximum tilling stage
3.Panicleinitiation stage.
4.Flowering Stage.
5. soft dough or milky stage.

Wheat-

1.Crown root initiation Stage-3 to 4 leaves.
2.Tilling Stage-25 to 60 days after sowing.

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